2020 BC Budget

BC’s Finance Minister Carole James delivered the province’s 2020 budget on
February 18, 2020. The budget projects:

  • For 2020, a surplus of $227 million

  • For 2021, a surplus of $179 million

  • For 2022, a surplus of $374 million

Personal Tax Changes

Personal income tax rates

Effective January 1, 2020, a new top British Columbia personal income tax rate of 20.5% (up from 16.8%) that will apply to individuals with taxable income exceeding $220,000. As a result, the charitable donation tax credit will also increase to 20.5% for charitable donations over $200 for taxpayers in the new bracket.

Home Owner Grant

BC will decrease the threshold for the phase-out of the home owner grant from $1.65 million to $1.525 million. For properties above the threshold, the grant is reduced by $5 for every $1,000 of assessed value in excess of the threshold.

Real property contractors

Effective February 19, 2020, the budget allows real property contractors who perform value-added work to goods and then install those goods into real property outside the province to apply for refunds of PST paid on those goods.

Training Tax Credit

Extended to the end of 2022

Farmers’ Food Donation Tax Credit

Extended to the end of 2023

Corporate Tax Changes

Film Incentive BC and production services tax credit

Effective February 19, 2020, the budget increases the accreditation certificate fee for the Production Services Tax Credit from $5,500 to $10,000.

Production Services Tax Credit Pre-Certification Notification Introduced

Effective July 1, 2020, corporations intending to claim the production services tax credit
must notify the certifying authority of their intent within 60 days of first incurring an
expenditure eligible for the tax credit.

Training Tax Credit

Extended to the end of 2022

Farmers’ Food Donation Tax Credit

Extended to the end of 2023

New Mine Allowance

Effective date to be specified, extended to the end of 2025

PST Registration Requirement

Effective July 1, 2020, Canadian sellers of goods, along with Canadian and foreign sellers of software and telecommunication services will be required to register as tax collectors if specified B.C. revenues exceed $10,000. Additionally, all Canadian sellers of vapour products will be required to register if they
cause vapour products to be delivered to B.C. consumers.

Sales Tax Changes

Carbonated Beverages

Effective July 1, 2020, carbonated beverages that contain sugar, natural sweeteners or artificial sweeteners will no longer qualify for the PST exemption for food products. PST will also apply to beverages that are dispensed through soda fountains, soda guns or similar equipment, along with
all beverages dispensed through vending machines (except vending machines wholly
dedicated to dispensing beverages other than sweetened carbonated beverages, e.g., coffee
or water machines)

Carbon Tax Rates Aligned with Federal Carbon Pricing Backstop Rates

Effective April 1, 2020, the B.C. carbon tax rates for 2020 and 2021 are aligned with
the federal carbon pricing backstop methodology, where applicable. As part of this
alignment, the current B.C. rates for shredded and whole tires are also being replaced
with a new category for “combustible waste”. Combustible waste includes tires in
any form, asphalt shingles as a new taxable combustible and any prescribed material,
substance or thing.
B.C. carbon tax rates are being updated to ensure they are in line with the latest science
on emissions. The previous rates were set in 2008 and are today considered to be based
on old science. For some fuel types, the rates are lower than their original scheduled rates.
For example, the tax rate for gasoline will be 9.96 cents per litre on April 1, 2020, rather
than 10.01 cents per litre. For some fuel types, the rates are higher than their original
scheduled rates. For example, the tax rate for natural gas will be 8.82 cents per cubic
metre on April 1, 2020, rather than 8.55 cents per cubic metre. The new rates will be
available on the Ministry of Finance’s website.
The B.C. carbon tax rates will be reviewed as part of the federal government’s review of
the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change in 2022.

Tax Rate for Heated Tobacco Products Introduced

Effective April 1, 2020, a default tax of 29.5 cents per heated tobacco product is
introduced. For specific heated tobacco products, this default can be changed by
regulation. A heated tobacco product is a product that contains tobacco and is designed
to be heated, but not combusted, in a tobacco heating unit to produce a vapour for
inhalation.

Property Transfer Tax

Exemption from Additional Property Transfer Tax for Certain Canadian-Controlled
Limited Partnerships Introduced

Effective on a date to be specified by regulation, a new exemption from additional
property transfer tax will be introduced for qualifying Canadian-controlled limited
partnerships. This exemption will treat Canadian-controlled limited partnerships in a
manner more consistent with Canadian-controlled corporations. It will ensure that new
housing developments are treated similarly irrespective of whether the development is
being undertaken by a Canadian-controlled corporation or Canadian-controlled limited
partnership.

The entire BC Budget can be found at https://www.bcbudget.gov.bc.ca/2020/downloads.htm#gotoNewsReleases

2018 Federal Budget Highlights for Families

Several key changes relating to personal financial arrangements are covered in the Canadian government’s 2018 federal budget, which could affect the finances of you and your family. Below are some of the most significant changes to be aware of:

Parental Leave

The government is creating a new five-week “use-it-or-lose-it” incentive for new fathers to take parental leave. This would increase the EI parental leave to 40 weeks (maximum) when the second parent agrees to take at least 5 weeks off. Effective June 2019, couples who opt for extended parental leave of 18 months, the second parent can take up to 8 additional weeks, at 33% of their income.

Gender Equality

The government aims to reduce the gender wage gap by 2.7% for public servants and 2.6% in the federal private sector. The aim is to ensure that men and women receive the same pay for equal work. They have also announced increased funding for female entrepreneurs.

Trusts

Effective for 2021 tax filings, the government will require reporting for certain trusts to provide information to provide information on identities of all trustees, beneficiaries, settlors of the trust and each person that has the ability to exert control over the trust.

Registered Disability Savings Plan holders

The budget proposes to extend to 2023 the current temporary measure whereby a family member such as a spouse or parent can hold an RDSP plan on behalf of an adult with reduced capacity.

If you would like more information, please don’t hesitate to contact us.

2018 Federal Budget Highlights for Business

The government’s 2018 federal budget focuses on a number of tax tightening measures for business owners. It introduces a new regime for holding passive investments inside a Canadian Controlled Private Corporation (CCPC). (Previously proposed in July 2017.)

 Here are the highlights:

Small Business Tax Rate Reduction Confirmed

Lower small business tax rate from 10% (from 10.5%), effective January 1, 2018 and to 9% effective January 1, 2019.

Limiting Access to the Small Business Tax Rate

A key objective of the budget is to decrease the small business limit for CCPCs with a set threshold of income generated from passive investments. This will apply to CCPCs with between $50,000 and $150,000 of investment income. It reduces the small business deduction by $5 for each $1 of investment income which falls over the threshold of $50,000. This new ­regulation will go hand in hand with the current business limit reduction for taxable capital.

Limiting access to refundable taxes

 Another important feature of the budget is to reduce the tax advantages that CCPCs can gain to access refundable taxes on the distribution of dividends. Currently, a corporation can receive a refundable dividend tax on hand (known as a RDTOH) when they pay a particular dividend, whereas the new proposals aim to permit such a refund only where a private corporation pays non-eligible dividends, though exceptions apply regarding RDTOH deriving from eligible portfolio dividends.

The new RDTOH account referred to “eligible RDTOH” will be tracked under Part IV of the Income Tax Act while the current RDTOH account will be redefined as “non-eligible RDTOH” and will be tracked under Part I of the Income Tax Act. This means when a corporation pays non-eligible dividends, it’s required to obtain a refund from its non-eligible RDTOH account before it obtains a refund from its eligible RDTOH account.

Health and welfare trusts

The budget states that it will end the Health and Welfare Trust tax regime and transition it to Employee Life and Health Trusts. The current tax position of Health and Welfare Trusts are linked to the administrative rules as stated by the CRA, but the income Tax Act includes specific rules relating to the Employee Life and Heath Trusts which are similar. The budget will simplify this arrangement to have one set of rules across both arrangements.